Ontario Veterinary College: A Chronology, 1862-2012

During the Ontario Veterinary College Sesquicentennial, June 15, 2012, eight speakers, including veterinarians, laboratory scientists, and historians, focused on the theme, “Cross-Border Connections in Canadian & U. S. Veterinary History.” Along with the program, the following timeline of OVC’s history was presented.

1862

Andrew Smith begins lecturing on veterinary medicine in Toronto.

1866

First class graduated, Robert Robinson, William Elliot, and George Kempchell.

1883

Smith’s lecture notes are published as the first Canadian veterinary medical textbook.

1902

John Gunion Rutherford (OVC ‘1879) named Veterinary Director General of Canada becoming instrumental in creating federal meat inspection laws.

1910

Francis Schofield graduates and goes to Korea as a medical missionary, coming into conflict with Japanese occupiers. From 1921-55, he taught pathology at OVC, becoming renowned for linking a bleeding disease in sheep and cattle to moldy sweet clover. That research led to development of vitamin K inhibitors now used worldwide to control blood- clotting.

1910

Canadian Army Veterinary Corps is established with several OVC students and graduates serving in its ranks during the first World War.

1913

Omega Tau Sigma fraternity established at OVC.

1918

C. D. McGilvray appointed OVC Principal, playing a key role in OVC’s accreditation by the U. S. Bureau of Animal Industry and the American Veterinary Medical Association.

1922

OVC moves from Toronto to Guelph, Ontario.

1928

OVC graduates its first woman, Elizabeth Barrie.

 

Carpenter. Frank Côté (OVC ’26) begins teaching small-animal

medicine at OVC.

1932

Inter-class hockey (Challenge Cup) formalized with C. D. McGilvray gift.

1951

OVC Student Wives Auxiliary forms.

1951

OVC Alumni Association formed.

1953

Jack Côté (OVC ’51) begins farm service service at OVC.

1956

Donald Barnum and F. H. S. Newbould publish research on the use of antibiotics for treating bovine mastitis.

1958

James Archibald becomes head of the Small Animal Clinic and introduces aseptic conditions for all OVC surgeries.

1964

OVC becomes part of the newly-formed University of Guelph.

1986

OVC Pet Trust Fund is established to support applied clinical research, its first major achievement being the funding of the College’s first cobalt radiation unit.

1987

Patricia Shewen and Bruce Wilkie develop a vaccine for shipping fever, which became the most commercially successful patented veterinary medicine.

2006

Centre for Public Health and Zoonoses opens, providing research into diseases transmissible between animals and humans.

2007

Institute for Comparative Cancer Investigation (ICCI) opens.

2010

Hill’s Pet Nutrition Primary Healthcare Centre Opens.

 

Sesquicentennial of the Ontario Veterinary College

On Friday June 15, about forty-five people gathered at the Ontario Veterinary College (OVC) in Guelph, Ontario, for a day-long historical program marking the 150th anniversary of the College’s founding.

Brian Derbyshire organized the day’s events, sponsored jointly by the OVC and the American Veterinary Medical History Society. ” Eight speakers, including veterinarians, laboratory scientists, and historians, focused on the theme, “Cross-Border Connections in Canadian & U. S. Veterinary History.”

Brian Derbyshire introduced the theme; Terry Crowley described 19th-century student life through the eyes of an American student; Dean Percy examined connections in pathology; Lisa Cox assayed bovine tuberculosis in Ontario and neighboring New York state; Elizabeth Stone examined the history of OVC women; John Prescott provided a biography of pathologist Frank Schofield; Phil Teigen examined the lives of two veterinarians trained in Canada who then established careers in Washington, DC; and Ian Barker concluded the day’s program with an account of the past present and future of the C. A. V. Barker Museum of Canadian Veterinary History. Helen and Zbigniew Wojcinski, graduates of OVC and now veterinary scientists in Michigan, ably moderated the entire program.

OVCSesquicentennial

Veterinary Heritage: Bulletin of the American Veterinary Medical History Society, 2011, Vol 34 (2)

 “Animals in Space: Reaching for the Stars,” Maite Torres.

“Pioneers of Canadian Veterinary Medicine,” Brian Derbyshire.

“The Emergence of Shelter Medicine in Veterinary Education: From Nonexistent to Necessary,” Bruce Willbrant.

“An Extinct Mesopotamian Lion Subspecies,” Hutan Ashrafian.